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General Safety

Rural Safety News
Rural Safety News is an electronic newsletter of the Center for Excellence in Rural Safety (CERS) at the University of Minnesota. Rural Safety News brings you the latest research and resources concerning rural safety.

Noteworthy Practices

Tools and Talent: Supporting Local Multidisciplinary Safety Teams in Iowa
Mary Stahlhut, Iowa Department of Transportation

Roadway Safety Noteworthy Practices Database
Federal Highway Administration, 2011
This database presents case studies of successful practices organized by specific topics.

Rural Transportation Safety: A Summary of Useful Practices
Center for Excellence in Rural Safety, 2012

Rural road crashes – they're preventable
Iowa Department of Transportation, 2011
This video explains how to drive safely on rural, unpaved roads.

Framework for Highway Safety Mitigation and Workforce Development
Utah Department of Transportation, 2011
This report outlines a framework for highway safety mitigation that is designed to provide a logical and comprehensive context within which efforts to improve highway safety can be made.

2009 Traffic Safety Facts: Rural/Urban Comparison
Federal Highway Administration, 2011

Reliability-Based Safety Risk and Cost Production of Large Trucks on Rural Highways
Mountain-Plains Consortium, 2011

Saving Millions of Lives: Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020
World Health Organization, 2011
This brochure includes information on Decade for Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, which was officially proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in March 2010.

Research Pays Off: Wyoming Rural Roads Safety Program: Focusing Locally on High-Risk Segments
Transportation Research Board, 2011
This report explores techniques for lowering traffic speeds in rural transition zones.

Rethinking Federal Investments in Rural Transportation: Rural Considerations Regarding Reauthorization of the Surface Transportation Act (PDF)
Rural Policy Research Institute, 2011
This report explores transportation issues in rural America and the relationship between transportation, economic development, and the quality of life in rural America.

Local Roads Safety Resource (CD-ROM)
Federal Highway Administration, 2010
Organized by topic area in one place, the Local Roads Safety Resource CD provides guidance, tools, and other resources from government agencies and national associations on local roadway safety.

Intersection Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
Federal Highway Administration, 2011
This document provides information on effectively identifying intersection safety issues in local areas, choosing the countermeasures that address them, and evaluating the benefits of those treatments.

Roadway Departure Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
Federal Highway Administration, 2011
This document provides information on effectively identifying roadway departure safety issues in local areas, choosing the countermeasures that address them, and evaluating the benefits of those treatments.

Safe Roads for Development: A Policy Framework for Safe Infrastructure on Major Road Transport Networks
Transport Knowledge Partnership, 2010
This report explores the safety of the users of major roads and the conflicts between different road users resulting from the heavy use of these roads by motorized transport.

Factors Contributing to Pedestrian and Bicycle Crashes on Rural Highways
Federal Highway Administration, 2010
FHWA-HRT-10-052
This summary report examines the differences between pedestrian and bicycle crashes in urban and rural settings in North Carolina.

Interactive Highway Safety Design Model (IHSDM)
Federal Highway Administration, 2010
This suite of software analysis tools evaluates safety and operational effects of geometric design decisions on two-lane rural highways, rural multilane highways, and urban/suburban arterials.

Minnesota Motor Vehicle Crash Facts: 2009
Minnesota Department of Public Safety, 2010
This report summarizes information related to crashes in Minnesota.

Crash Impact of Smooth Lane Narrowing with Rumble Strips at Two-Lane Rural Stop-Controlled Intersections
Federal Highway Administration, 2010
FHWA-HRT-10-047
This TechBrief examines a treatment to reduce approach speeds at unsignalized intersections on two-lane rural roads by narrowing lanes using rumble strips in the median and on the right-lane edge.

Applicability of FHWA Crash Prediction Module to Selecting Candidate Locations for Safety Audits of Two-Lane Rural Highways (PDF)
Transportation Research Board , 2010
Transportation Research Record No. 2137
The study explores how crash prediction models could be useful for engineering decision making during safety audits of two-lane rural highways.

Countermeasures that work : a highway safety countermeasure guide for state highway safety offices (PDF), Fourth edition
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2009

Local Roads Safety Resource CD
Federal Highway Administration, 2010
The CD provides quick and easy access to the latest information on local roads safety. Organized by topic area in one place, the CD provides guidance, tools, and other resources from government agencies and national associations on local roadway safety.

A Guide for Reducing Speeding-Related Crashes
Transportation Research Board, March 2009
NCHRP Report 500, Vol. 23
Provides suggested guidance on strategies that can be employed to reduce crashes involving speeding.

FHWA's Office of Safety's Guidance Memorandum on Consideration and Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures
July 10, 2008

Cost effective safety improvements for two-lane rural roads (PDF)
Transportation Northwest, 2008

The U.S. Department of Transportation Rural Safety Initiative
U.S. Department of Transportation, 2008
The focus of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Rural Safety Initiative is to highlight available options to help reduce highway fatalities and injuries on the nation's rural roads. This targeted national campaign will take advantage of opportunities to raise awareness of the risks drivers face on America's rural roads and provide communities with tools and assistance to address these risks where the Department's resources can be leveraged quickly and effectively. [USDOT Awards $14.7 Million for Rural Roads Safety, August 27, 2008]

RuralTransportation.org
The National Association of Counties (NACo) and the National Association of Development Organizations (NADO) created this "resource tool for rural transportation stakeholders, including local elected officials and regional development professionals."

Improving Safety for Slow Moving Vehicles on Iowa's High Speed Rural Roadways (PDF)
Center for Transportation Research and Education, Iowa State University, 2009
IHRB Project TR-572
This project was designed to improve transportation safety for slow moving vehicles (SMVs) on Iowa's public roadway system. This report includes a literature review that shows various SMV statistics and laws across the United States, a crash study based on three years of Iowa SMV crash data, and recommendations from the SMV community.

Animal-Vehicle Crash Mitigation Using Advanced Technology--Phase II: System Effectiveness and System Acceptance (PDF)
Oregon Department of Transportation, 2009
Explores the impact of animal-detection warning signs on reducing vehicle speeds or collisions with large animals.

Investigation of deer-vehicle crash data and countermeasure implementation in Texas (PDF)
Southwest Region University Transportation Center, 2008

Wildlife-Vehicle Collision Reduction Study: Best Practices Manual
Federal Highway Administration, 2009

Five-County Minnesota Case Study: Rural Roadway Fatal Crash Characteristics and Select Safety Improvement Programs (PDF)
Center for Excellence in Rural Safety, 2008
This project developed a safety profile of east/central Minnesota Counties: Chisago, Isanti, Kanabec, Mille Lacs, and Pine. Lying north of the Twin Cities, the region is facing typical urban fringe growth pressures, holds prime recreation land, and yet continues to be home to many rural communities, farmers, and American Indian reservations.

Toward Zero Deaths: A Vision for Safer Roads in America (PDF)
American Traffic Safety Services Association, 2008
This document discusses the concept of zero deaths. A section of the document is specifically dedicated to the problem of high-risk rural roads.

Strategic Highway Safety Plans
American Traffic Safety Services Association
Contains Strategic Highway Safety Plans of individual states.

Transportation Safety: State Programs and Initiatives
Institute of Transportation Engineers
A list of state programs and initiatives focused on transportation safety.

Rural Assistance Center’s Transportation Information Guide
Rural Assistance Center
An initiative of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this guide lists resources for transportation in rural areas.

Making the Case for Transportation Safety - Ideas for Decision Makers (PDF)
Federal Highway Administration, 2008
FHWA-HEP-08-017
This document presents 20 case studies of noteworthy transportation safety practices throughout the U.S. involving stakeholders at all levels of transportation safety. It features examples from State departments of transportation, Tribes, transit agencies, metropolitan planning organizations, highway safety offices, and enforcement agencies. The document also describes the importance of integrating safety into the transportation planning process and lists transportation safety resources.

Synthesis Study: Effectiveness of Safety Corridor Programs, Report on Tasks 1-3 (PDF)
Midwest Transportation Consortium, 2008
MTC Project 2007-08
This report synthesizes the safety corridor programs of 13 states that currently have some type of program: Alaska, California, Florida, Kentucky, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington. This synthesis can help Midwestern states implement their own safety corridor programs and select pilot corridors or enhance existing corridors.

2007 Minnesota Toward Zero Deaths Conference proceedings
Minnesota Toward Zero Deaths Program, 2007
Proceedings, presentations, and other materials from the 2007 Minnesota Toward Zero Deaths Conference, held September 17-18, 2007, in Duluth, are available for download. The annual conference shares information on best practices in engineering, enforcement, education, and emergency medical/health services, and helps identify new approaches to reducing the number of traffic fatalities and life-changing injuries on Minnesota roads.

Identification of Causal Factors and Potential Countermeasures for Fatal Rural Crashes
Minnesota Local Road Research Board, 2005
MN/RC-2005-42
This report describes the use of crash reconstruction and expert assessment to study possible causal factors and potential countermeasures for fatal traffic crashes.

Growing Traffic in Rural America: Safety, Mobility, and Economic Challenges in America’s Heartland (PDF)
The Road Information Program (TRIP), 2005
Discusses steps and strategies for improving rural traffic safety. Gives recommendations for reducing fatalities on rural roads.

Australasian College of Road Safety (ACRS): Rural Roads
Australasian College of Road Safety, 2004
Like the United States, Australia experiences a high rate (nearly 50 percent) of rural traffic fatalities. This discussion piece from 2004 outlines the issues and possible solutions. Engineering and enforcement resources need to be expanded, and education and enforcement of driving behavior needs to be increased.

Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges, GAO Report, May 2004 (PDF)
U.S. General Accounting Office, 2004
GAO-04-663
The U.S. General Accounting Office published a report that examines the factors contributing to rural road fatalities, reviews federal and state efforts to improve safety on the nation’s rural roads, and identifies the challenges that may hinder making improvements in rural road safety. It found that one or more of four factors contribute to rural road fatalities: human behavior, roadway environment, vehicles, and the medical care victims receive after a crash.

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